The Christ in Prophecy Journal

Antichrist a Muslim? Antichrist: Islams Awaited Messiah

Joel Richardson

Could the Antichrist possibly be a Muslim? This is a new idea that seems to be catching fire today due to the awakening of Islam and the revival of its territorial goal of conquering the world for Allah.

I recently read four books that relate to this topic.

Richardson’s Book

The third book I investigated is one by Joel Richardson entitled Antichrist: Islam’s Awaited Messiah.1

I wish I could tell you something about the author, but he states in the book’s introduction that he is using a pen name due to fear of Muslim threats on his life.2

I was really turned off by this revelation and almost decided not to read the book. People who speak out publicly on issues should be willing to put their name to their words. And being motivated by fear is certainly not a biblical attitude (Psalm 118:6).

Whoever he may be, Joel Richardson is an excellent writer who knows how to craft and present persuasive arguments.

Richardson begins by introducing the reader to the complex and confusing world of Islamic eschatology. One of the reasons it is so confusing is because it has never been systematized, as has been the case with biblical eschatology.

Another reason for the confusion is that there is almost no end time prophecy in the Quran. The prophecies are found, instead, in the Hadith, which is a compilation of sayings by Mohammed that were pulled together from a great variety of sources some two hundred years after his death. Most of these sayings are hearsay and many are contradictory.

I have written a detailed outline of Islamic eschatology.

Misleading Aspects

Richardson’s presentation of what Muslims believe about the end times is very misleading, for what he presents is the Shi’ite version which revolves around the concept of an Islamic Messiah called the Mahdi. He leaves the impression that all the Islamic world is living in breathless anticipation of the appearance of the Mahdi, when the reality is that 90% of all Muslims — the Sunnis — are not looking for a Mahdi. In fact the concept of a Mahdi is not even found in orthodox versions of the Hadith like Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

The Sunni Muslims are looking instead for the appearance of the Antichrist, whom they call the Dajjal. If a person were suddenly to appear on the world scene claiming to be the Mahdi, he would be automatically rejected by the vast majority of Muslims.

Another misleading aspect of Richardson’s presentation is his constant talk about the “amazing parallels” and “startling similarities” between Islamic and biblical end time prophecies. Actually, there is nothing startling or amazing when you consider the fact that Mohammed borrowed nearly all his key ideas from Bible stories he heard from both Jews and Christians, stories he often got thoroughly confused. This is a well proven fact, and for overwhelming evidence, I would direct you to Dr. Samuel Shahid’s book, The Last Trumpet.3

Also misleading is Richardson’s heavy reliance on quotations from the Hadith to establish his scenario for end time events. He treats the Hadith as if it contains inspired prophecy, when, in fact, it is nothing more than the ramblings of a demon-possessed man.

Another problem with Richardson’s book is that he states that he got many of his ideas from Walid Shoebat.4 This man is a former Palestinian terrorist who became a Christian. He is an expert on terrorism, and he is an outstanding speaker on the subject.

But when it comes to Bible prophecy, his ideas are very unorthodox, as Richardson’s book clearly reveals. One irritating point that Shoebat keeps making in his public presentations is that one must have an Eastern mindset in order to understand Bible prophecy. He claims that all of us in the Western world have completely misunderstood Bible prophecy because we interpret it from a Western mentality.

This is not only a prideful viewpoint, it is also unbiblical. The Bible was not written in such a way so that only those with a particular mindset can understand it. It was written for all people to understand. There certainly are guidelines to interpretation (such as accepting the plain sense meaning), but any mindset can use those guidelines to understand what the Bible says, as long as the person is indwelt with God’s Holy Spirit.

The Central Concept

The heart of Richardson’s thesis (and Shoebat’s) is that the Antichrist will be a Muslim who will lead a Middle Eastern coalition of Muslim nations against Israel in the end times. In short, the empire of the Antichrist will be a regional one confined to the Middle East!

Like Goodman, Richardson asserts that the seventh empire of Revelation 17:9-11 is the Ottoman Empire, but unlike Goodman, he claims that the eighth and final empire will be a revival of the Ottoman and not the Assyrian. This scheme works better than Goodman’s because there is no need for a ninth empire since Richardson denies that the Antichrist will use the revived Ottoman Empire to build a worldwide empire. The revived Ottoman Empire will be the final Gentile empire.

Regional or World Empire?

In order to sustain this totally revisionist interpretation of end time prophecy, Richardson goes to great pains to deny the clear meaning of Revelation 13:7 which reads as follows: “And it was given to him [the Antichrist] to make war with the saints and to overcome them, and authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was given to him.”

Let me ask you a question: What more would God have to say to convince us that the Antichrist will have a worldwide kingdom?

Yet, Richardson tries to dismiss this verse as nothing but hyperbole. He does so by quoting Daniel 5:18-19 where it states that Nebuchadnezzar, was feared by “all peoples and nations and men of every language.” Richardson then asks, “Did every single nation in the earth fear Nebuchadnezzar?”5 My answer would be, “Yes, all nations that were aware of him.” That’s all the statement means in its context.

Richardson then quotes 1 Kings 4:34 which says that men of all nations came to listen to Solomon’s wisdom, “sent by all the kings of the world, who had heard of his wisdom.” He then asks derisively, “Was Solomon’s wisdom so impressive that not a single king in all the earth failed to hear of it?”6 That’s not what the verse says. Read it again. It says the kings who had heard of his wisdom sent representatives — not all kings.

Context determines meaning, and the context of Revelation 13:7 clearly means that the Antichrist kingdom will be worldwide, not just a regional coalition of Muslim nations.

The Ezekiel 38 War

Richardson denies that the war described in Ezekiel 38 and 39 will be led by Russia or that Russia will even have a part in it. He favors Turkey as the leader.7 Yet, Ezekiel 38 clearly states that the invasion will be led by the Prince of Rosh coming from “the remote parts of the north” (Ezekiel 38:15). There is no way that Turkey could be considered a nation located in “the remote parts of the north.”

Richardson never reveals when he believes the Ezekiel 38 invasion of Israel will occur, but it must be at the end of the Tribulation since the invading army will be the army of the Antichrist and will be destroyed by God. Thus, he must equate the battle of Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38 and 39 with the Battle of Armageddon. But these are not the same battles.

The battle of Gog and Magog involves Russia and certain specified allies who come against Israel either at the beginning of the Tribulation or, most likely, before it begins. One of the tipoffs as to the timing of this invasion is the statement that following the defeat of the invading armies, the Israelis will spend seven years cleaning up the battle field and burning the leftover weapons (Ezekiel 39:9).

Many have equated this seven years with the Tribulation, thus putting the invasion at the start of that period of time. But we know that in the middle of the Tribulation the Antichrist is going to turn on the Jews and try to annihilate them, making it impossible for them to continue the clean-up during the last half of that terrible period. So, most likely, the battle will occur before the Tribulation begins.8

In contrast, the Battle of Armageddon occurs at the end of the Tribulation. And there really is no battle at all. The armies of the Antichrist are destroyed in an instant when Jesus returns to the Mount of Olives and speaks a supernatural word, causing their flesh to drop from their bodies (Zechariah 14:1-13). In the Gog and Magog battle, the invading armies will be destroyed on the “mountains of Israel” (Ezekiel 39:4), not in the Valley of Armageddon, and they will be destroyed by pestilence, hailstones, fire and brimstone (Ezekiel 38:22).

Another serious problem with placing the Gog and Magog war at the end of the Tribulation is that Ezekiel 38 says the invasion will occur at a time when Israel is living in peace with unwalled cities (Ezekiel 38:11). That will not be the case at the end of the Tribulation. The land of Israel will be in absolute chaos at that time.

Psalm 83

When I finished reading the book, I found myself wanting to ask Richardson and Shoebat what they are going to do with Psalm 83? This psalm portrays an attack on Israel by a Muslim coalition consisting of Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Gaza, Saudi Arabia and Assyria (Syria and Iraq). The Bible clearly teaches that God will protect Israel against all such attacks in the end times (Zechariah 12:6 and Amos 9:15).

The outcome of this war most likely is detailed in Zephaniah 2:4-5. These verses indicate that the attacking nations will be devastated by Israel. It is during this war that Damascus, the capital of Syria, will probably be destroyed completely, never to be rebuilt again (Isaiah 17:1-14 and Jeremiah 49:23-27). That is why Syria is not mentioned in Ezekiel 38 as one of the Russian allies.9

The outcome of the Psalm 83 war is what will produce peace for Israel, the peace that it is prophesied to be enjoying when Russia and its allies decide to launch the Ezekiel 38 invasion.

The war of Psalm 83 followed by the war of Ezekiel 38 will result in the annihilation of nearly all the armies of the Muslim nations of the Middle East, and these wars are most likely going to occur before the Tribulation begins! Thus, if the Antichrist is a Muslim who is going to rule a Muslim empire in the Middle East during the Tribulation, then he is going to rule over an empire that has been reduced to ashes!

Final Arguments

Richardson wraps up his arguments with the observation that the Antichrist will be a Muslim because Islam is the most perfect incarnation of the antichrist spirit,10 because it practices beheading as a form of execution,11 and because it observes a calendar that is different from the rest of the world.12

The first point simply is not true. The most perfect incarnation of the antichrist spirit is, and always has been, Humanism in all its various forms. Islam points people toward a god, even though he is a false god. Humanism encourages people to worship Man. God is denied. Man is exalted. And the rejection of God, together with the exaltation of self, is the ultimate antichrist spirit.

The point about beheading is based on the statement in Revelation 20:4 that the Tribulation martyrs will be executed by beheading. Richardson says this is proof that the religion of the Antichrist will be Islam because Muslims are the only people in the world today who practice beheading. This is flimsy evidence at best. Beheading is not a unique characteristic of Islam. It was one of the stellar characteristics of the French Revolution, and is just the type of horror the Antichrist would institute, regardless of his nationality or religion.

Regarding the calendar, Richardson’s point here is based on Daniel 7:25 where it says the Antichrist will alter “the times and the law.” It is true that the Muslims have a calendar different from the Western world, and it is true that if they ever could gain control of the world, they would enforce the observance of their calendar. But the Antichrist is going to change the calendar regardless of who he is. That’s because the calendar followed by most of the world dates from the birth of Jesus.

Other Problems

At the end of his book, Richardson acknowledges that there is a major problem with his interpretation of end time events.13 The Bible says that the Antichrist will exalt himself above all gods and will display himself as being God (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4). Richardson admits that it is almost impossible to imagine that any Muslim would ever claim to be God. Such a declaration would violate the very heart of Islamic theology.

But just as he explains away the meaning of Revelation 13:7 in a cavalier manner, Richardson proceeds to say that he thinks that the Islamic world will just simply be deceived into believing the Muslim Antichrist is God! To me, that is like saying night is day and day is night. There is a limit to deception. A person would have to cease being a Muslim in order to believe that any man could be God.

I believe the behavior of the Antichrist described in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4 rules out any possibility that the Antichrist might prove to be a Muslim.

An equally important fact that I think rules out the possibility of a Muslim Antichrist is that prophecy states the Antichrist will make a covenant with Israel that will guarantee the nation’s security (Daniel 9:27 and Isaiah 28:14-22). It is preposterous to believe that Israel would ever trust its security to a Muslim leader.

There are other serious problems with Richardson’s scenario that he does not acknowledge. How, for example, does he explain the miraculous resurrection of the Roman Empire in the form of the European Union? It’s a development that prophecy experts have been telling us to watch for, and those alerts go back several hundred years. Is the revival of the Roman Empire just an accident of history? I think not. It is going to serve as the platform for the ascension of the Antichrist.

Another problem Richardson must deal with is the worldwide destruction that Revelation describes in chapters 6-9. Those chapters reveal that one-half of the world’s population is going to die during the first half of the Tribulation. Is this going to happen as a result of a regional conflict? Or, is all this just more “biblical hyperbole”?

In the fifth and last sement of this series, I’ll look at co-authored by Joel Richardson and Walid Shoebat.


  1. Joel Richardson, Antichrist: Islam’s Awaited Messiah, (Enumclaw, WA: Pleasant Word, 2006), 276 pages.
  2. Ibid., pp. xv-xvi.
  3. Dr. Samuel Shahid, The Last Trumpet: A Comparative Study in Christian-Islamic Eschatology (Xulon Press, 2005).
  4. Richardson, p. 110.
  5. Ibid., p. 215.
  6. Ibid., p. 216.
  7. Ibid., p. 109.
  8. A great book concerning the timing of the Gog and Magog invasion is Northern Storm Rising by Ron Rhodes (Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 2008), 246 pages.
  9. For an in-depth discussion of the end time prophetic implications of Psalm 83, see Isralestine by Bill Salhus (Crane, Missouri: Anomalos Publishing House, 2008), 342 pages.
  10. Richardson, pp. 121-128.
  11. Ibid., pp. 136-154.
  12. Ibid., pp. 67-68.
  13. Ibid., p. 197.
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ABOUT AUTHOR View all posts Author Website

Dr. David Reagan

Dr. David Reagan is the Founder and Evangelist Emeritus of Lamb & Lion Ministries. He is a life-long Bible student, teacher, and preacher and he led over 45 pilgrimages to Israel. Dr. Reagan was the host of the radio then television program Christ in Prophecy for nearly 40 years.

17 CommentsLeave a Comment

  • the idea that the kingdom of antichrist, the tribulation and even the sea turning as blood as “regional” is not a new concept. Dake and other scholars have taught that for years. Where did they get such a rediculous idea? I have no idea.

  • Psalm 83 is a prayer against enemies of Israel, not indicating a result of the prayer. Zech 12:6 is in context that you talk so much about, David, talking about Christ’s return and final victory, not a generic protection at any battle. If we critique someones work, lets not let our preconceived beliefs, that aren’t supported any better with scripture, be our basis for our argument.

  • The last comment wasn’t Susan, but me(her husband) who hadn’t figured out how to get my account up. My daughter had to help.
    Another comment. The statement ‘It is preposterous to believe that Israel would ever trust its security to a Muslim leader.’ Who else will they end up ‘trusting’? That’s who their enemies are and when you make a treaty with your enemy, you have to ‘trust’ them to some extent. How else do you have a treaty. As I have stated in other comments, I believe this statement comes filtered through a preconceived idea that would ‘allow’ such a situation. I am not arguing right or wrong here, just statements that are made with no basis.

  • Susan and Paul, I totally agree,

    Psalm 83 is Messianic, Reagan lacks in that area, read the work of Fruchtenbaum, he states it is MEssianic. Also, Israel made a treaty with Yasser Arafat, a Muslim.

    If what Reagan says is true, that Islam being the Antichrist is an interpretation of “lone rangers”, why then did the best scholars in history support the idea that Islam is Antichrist? Are they also Lone Rangers? Or perhaps Reagan is the Lone Ranger.

    Reagan’s article is ridiculous, just as his claim that the Stock Market reaching 777 is a sign from God and his views that hell is not eternal.

    These type of viewes are not only unbiblical, but are intended to gain sensation. What we need is level headed research like the following response:

  • Mr Richardson, I bought your book and it was amazing. A must-have for all those who are aware of the threats of Islam!

  • Per David Reagan, Joel Richardson is misleading regarding what the Sunni believe with respect to Islam. However, the FACT is that it is David Reagan who is misleading by claiming that the Sunni do not believe in al Mahdi. Here is the PROOF that the Sunni do and it is in fact MANDATORY by all Sunni Muslims:

    Quote: “Al-Sayid Sabiq, the Mufti for the ‘Muslim Brotherhood,’ in his book, ‘al- ‘Aqa’id al-Islamiyyah,; that: ‘The idea about the Mahdi is indeed valid, and is one of the Islamic tenets that one must believe in.’ Mr. Sabiq also narrated a variety of traditions relating to the appearance of al-Mahdi (AS) in the above book.

    The recent Fatwa in this issue was given in Mecca by ‘The Muslim World League’ (Rabitatul ‘Alamil Islami) on Oct. 11, 1976 (23 Shawwal 1396). This Fatwa states that more than twenty companions narrated traditions concerning al-Mahdi, and gives a list of those scholars of Hadith who have transmitted these narrations, and those who have written books on al-Mahdi. The Fatwa states:

    “The memorizers (Huffadh) and scholars of Hadith have verified that there are authentic (Sahih) and acceptable (Hasan) reports among the traditions related to al-Mahdi. The majority of these traditions are related through numerous authorities (Mutawatir). There is no doubt that the status of those reports are Sahih and Mutawatir. (They have also verified) that the belief in Mahdi is obligatory, and that it is one of the beliefs of Ahlussunnah wal Jama’a. Only those ignorant of the Sunnah and innovators in doctrine deny it.”

    Here is another Sunni reference. In their book, “Al Mahdi and the End of Time” (1997), Muhammad Ibn Izzat and Muhammad Arif, two well-known Egyptian authors, identify the Mahdi from the Book of Revelation, quoting Hadith transmitter Ka’ab al-Ahbar.

    In one place, they write:

    “I find the Mahdi recorded in the books of the Prophets… For instance, the Book of Revelation says: ‘And I saw and behold a white horse. He that sat on him…went forth conquering and to conquer.'”

    Izzat and Arif then go on to say:

    “It is clear that this man is the Mahdi who will ride the white horse and judge by the Qur’an (with justice) and with whom will be men with marks of prostration (zabiba) on their foreheads…. The Mahdi will offer the religion of Islam to the Jews and Christians; if they accept it they will be spared, otherwise they will be killed.” (page 16).

    Another Sunni source:

    Quote 1: “… the Mahdi will appear at the end of time …”

    Quote 2: “The Prophet said, ‘The Mahdi will be one of my descendants; he will have a high forehead and a hooked nose. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness just as it was filled with injustice and oppression, and he will rule for seven years.'”

    Mr. Reagan, shame shame shame sir for not doing your research. It would have taken only a few minutes to find the information above easily available online.

  • The Bible says the whole world went to Egypt to buy grain. Did they really? It also says King Nebuchadnezzar ruled the world, which he did not. The Bible merely refers to that part of the planet. Rome is said to have ruled the world, and they made those claims, but they knew there was much more to the world because they traded with India and other far away places, so they were merely claiming to rule their part of the world. If the Antichrist rules the world, who does he fight against at Armageddon? Martians? Clearly he does not rule the whole planet.

  • That’s a fair point about Egypt and Nebuchadnezzar. However, one should be extremely cautious when making those comparisons and positing that, therefore, the Antichrist’s domain is limited to particular boundaries. For Moses and Daniel the world they understood was what they interacted in and very limited, but John was given Revelation from a global perspective and the world has grown much smaller. You have to ask yourself this – if John in Rev 13:12 wanted to tell us that the all of the earth and those who dwell in it worship the beast – how could he have expressed it? Exactly the way he wrote it.

    The word for earth in Revelation can mean more than one thing and some will choose the limited meaning to argue that the Antichrist rules over a region, not the world. The problem is the same word for earth is used to describe the Lord’s reign – Rev 1:5 Rev 20:11, Rev 21:24 etc. So how does one then justify which meaning to adopt and can someone then be justified in arguing for a limitation of the Lord’s reign? Obviously we all bring in presuppositions into our views. If you take Gog and Magog to be the battle of Armageddon then you limit the Antichrist’s reign. But many have capably argued that the Antichrist is assembling the nations to fight the Lord at His coming Rev 19:19. Furthermore Rev 16:13-14 seems to back this up.

    In light of Rev 13:8, I would be very, very cautious (read don’t) about telling people that the Antichrist’s reign is limited to a specific region. Are you saying that because I may happen to live in New Zealand, I shouldn’t be concerned about that warning? Rev 13:9 I believe EVERYONE has an ear, but then some actually are deaf or may be born malformed so maybe the verse doesn’t mean what it says, right? Jas 3:1, Rev 22:18-19.

  • A statement from one of the links provided – al-Mahdi (AS) will come in the last days to make a universal Government.

    Apparently that Muslim view is of a global reign yet some argue this is a regional affair. Actually I can find Muslim sites that don’t reference a Mahdi and many of those that do don’t give him godlike status at all. But quite apart from that, given that the writer(s) of the Koran and Hadiths borrowed heavily from other sources, I’d stick to Biblical Scripture.

  • Dr. Reagan:

    I thank you for your post. Unfortunately, Richardson is misleading many people and I believe he has missed many things in his interpretations. You are correct; you cannot look at the bible from a Middle Eastern perspective. It is a totally bias way of looking at things. Another thing that is very immature of Richardson is to say just because he received a prophetic word that he is right and everyone else is wrong.

    Also, if you understand world history, which Richardson obviously has ignored, you will understand that Mohammed copied Christian writings to help create Islam to give people a new reason to take part in the crusades. The Ottoman Empires is not the beat, it did not spread BAL: worship across the country and it did not Martyr the saints and profits of Christ. Hopefully, he will not read about Zoroastrianism; because I could see him getting “wowed” at how Zoroaster was identical to Jesus Christ. These subject matters must be looked at carefully and one must; must; study “World History” to understand what took place during biblical times.

    It is time for Richardson to put his pride aside and go back to the drawing board.

  • Anonymous,

    You argued that the whole world literally meant the whole glob. Yet you quoted Revelation 13 for your argument that the reign of Antichrist must be global. If so, why then does John give us a composite that the beast is the body of a Leopard (Grecian), feet of a bear (Persian/Iran) and a mouth of a Lion (Babylon/Iraq and Arabia)?

    In other words, for your "global" argument to stick, you must discount this verse or expand it to what it truly doesn't say.

    Also, if Antichrist rules the whole world, where then can we find any "sheep nations"? Antichrist must have a domain of the glob and each nation in this case is a "goat nation".

    You must then balance Scripture verses with other Scripture verses to get the gist of what John was trying to say.

  • Look I did not read the whole post here. However, you forgot about the beast that came out of the earth; who has two horns like a lamb.

    Now, the key to understanding bible prophesy and revelations takes patience and time. We also must take the time in studying World History. History will tellu us what event actually took place.

    In fact, when you study World History, you will find that History all started with religion.

    I beleive Dr. Reagan has backed many of his findings with both the Bible and recorded hisotry. However, I beleive Joel Richardson, only based his book on a Middle Eastern perspective.

    We must not forget, that Jehovah God, is the God of the World. Even though Isreal, is at the center, we must not forget the World is still involved and that is why He is the God of both Jew and Gentile.

    My only advice is to have an open mind, and not to put each other down and dicrediting others works.

    God Bless

  • As a Muslim I wonder this:

    You believe that Jesus is God.

    And you believe that he can perform miracles.

    And you believe that he'll come back.

    So my point is.

    These are the properties of the Anti-Christ, too..

    How are you going to understand the difference?

    If someone comes and does some miracle things, if he becomes a leader and has strong armies. Unifies all the nations and brings peace in the first sight.

    Wouldn't you call him Jesus?

    And after that.

    What happens after your approval if he begins to work on his real agenda and starts wars, etc..

    Is there any explanation for that?

  • Dr. David R. Reagan

    One must understand when uncovering deeply disturbing aspects on anything, especially on religion, there will be a backlash, and we all know what we see on the media in regards with Islam. People do make death threats which are not to be taken likely.

  • Why worry about his real name? That would stop you from reading the book? Why?

    Just read it (as you did) and weigh it on the merits.

    I don't blame the guy for not wanting to be the next Salman Rushdie or Cleo Van Gogh.

  • I was wondering why the Antichrist would be disturbed when he heard news of armies coming against him from the north and the east when the whole world is supposedly under his control. So, obviously there are certain areas in the world where he does not have control.
    It's hard to comprehend the Chinese submitting to the Antichrist, being a person from the revived Roman Empire. The Chinese have suffered enough from western powers when she was weak.


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